Agarista salicifolia (Lam.) G.Don

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, W. Indian Ocean.

[FTEA]

Ericaceae, Henk Beentje. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2006

Morphology General Habit
Evergreen shrub or tree 0.9– 20 m, much branched; bole occasionally large, up to 60 cm across; bark grey to brown, corky, fissured; branchlets glabrous to pubescent with simple hairs, sometimes mixed with glandular hairs, young shoots reddish.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves entire, rather leathery, dark green above, whitish to blue-grey and matte beneath, lanceolate, elliptic or oblong, rarely broadly elliptic or ovate, 2– 10(– 16) cm long, 0.5– 4(– 7.5) cm wide, base cuneate to subcordate, margins entire, apex rounded to mucronate or acuminate, glabrous except for the midrib underneath; petiole 0.5– 1 cm, glabrous or pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence of axillary and terminal racemes 5– 15 cm long with 15– 35 flowers; pedicel 2– 6 mm long, pubescent, rarely glabrous; bracteoles 1– 1.5 mm long, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx green to reddish, fused in the lower 1/3; lobes triangular, 2.5 mm long, sparsely pubescent with ciliate margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla pale green or greenish yellow or yellow to creamy white, less often reddish or white with red streaks or yellow tinged with red at base, obconical to slightly urceolate, 7– 10 mm long, 4– 5 mm in diameter, with 5 triangular lobes 0.7– 0.8 mm long, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 9– 10, orange, the filaments pubescent and geniculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose, ± 2 mm in diameter, sparsely pubescent; style 1, glabrous, 6– 8 mm long; stigma small, capitate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule dark green turning reddish, 4– 7 mm in diameter, with persistent style.
Figures
Fig. 1.
Habitat
Dry and moist forest, secondary forest, forest margins, evergreen bushland to woodland or clumped or scattered tree grassland, often on rocky slopes, heath zone; fire-resistant; may be locally common or dominant, belt-forming in Virunga; (1050– )1550– 3500 m
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 widespread in tropical Africa from Cameroon to north-east Africa and south to ZambiaMadagascar, Mascarene Is.

[FWTA]

Ericaceae, R. Ross. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
A shrub or small tree, attaining about 40 ft. in height
Ecology
On the margins of the montane forest and in grassland above it.

[FZ]

Ericaceae, R. Ross. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Morphology General Habit
Small tree to about 12 m. tall.
Morphology Branches
Branchlets glabrous or pubescent with sparse to moderately dense short simple hairs, sometimes accompanied by a few longer and stouter glandular hairs, these hairs occasionally dense.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves subcoriaceous, entire, in the Flora Zambesiaca area narrowly lanceolate to oblong, acuminate, glabrous except on the midrib on the ventral side of the leaf, 20–120 mm. long, 8–35 mm. broad; petioles 5–10 mm. long, pubescent or glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Peduncles 15–30–flowered, 100–150 mm. long; pedicels 2–6 mm. long; peduncles and pedicels normally pubescent, occasionally glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts at the base of the pedicel, 3–5 mm. long, pubescent, broadly to narrowly ovate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles insertedd from 1/4 to 3/4 of the pedicel from its base, 1·0–1·5 mm. long, narrow, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx segments 5, fused for about 1/3 of their length, triangular, c. 2·5 mm. long, shortly and rather sparsely pubescent on the outer surface, margins densely ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla pale green tinged red, to yellow, to creamy white, obconical to slightly urceolate, glabrous, 8–10 mm. long, 4–5 mm. broad, lobes 5, small, imbricate, triangular, obtuse, 0·7–0·8 mm. long, 1·0 mm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 10, 1/2 3/4 of the length of the corolla; filaments pubescent, geniculate; anthers c. 0·8 mm. long, thecae deeply divided.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary globose, 5–celled, c. 2 mm. long and broad, sparsely and shortly pubescent; style 1, glabrous, 6–8 mm. long, about equalling the corolla; stigma small, capitate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Ripe capsule 5–7 mm. in diameter.

Native to:

Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Gulf of Guinea Is., Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Réunion, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

Agarista salicifolia (Lam.) G.Don appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Nov 1, 2006 Tchiengue, B. [1848], Cameroon K000437696 No
Nov 1, 2003 Ghogue, J.-P. [1095], Cameroon K000746012 No
Oct 1, 2003 Pollard, B.J. [670], Cameroon K000746014 No
Oct 1, 2003 Zapfack, L. [2129], Cameroon K000746013 No
Aug 1, 2003 Pollard, B.J. [533], Cameroon K000617496 No
Aug 1, 2003 Biye, E. [119], Cameroon K000746011 No
Aug 1, 2002 Etuge, M. [4383], Cameroon K000008523 No
Aug 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [7596], Cameroon K000008521 No
Jan 1, 2002 Wigg, L.J. [73], Tanzania K000242711 Unknown type material Yes
Jan 1, 2002 Schileben, H.J. [1161 A], Tanzania K000242712 isotype Yes
Jan 1, 2002 Peter, A. [916] K000242713 isotype Yes
Sep 1, 2001 Mann G. [2182], Cameroon K000027813 Unknown type material Yes
Sep 1, 2001 Letouzey, R. [14563], Cameroon K000027811 No
Sep 1, 2001 Brunt, M.A. [813], Cameroon K000027816 No
Sep 1, 2001 Thomas, D.W. [3122], Cameroon K000027803 No
Sep 1, 2001 Thomas, D.W. [3122], Cameroon K000027804 No
Sep 1, 2001 Keay, R.W.J. [FHI 28510], Cameroon K000027817 No
Sep 1, 2001 Satabie, B. [117], Cameroon K000027808 No
Sep 1, 2001 Keay, R.W.J. [FHI 28375], Cameroon K000027814 No
Sep 1, 2001 Hepper, F.N. [1903], Cameroon K000027818 No
Sep 1, 2001 Maitland, T.D. [1631], Cameroon K000027827 No
Sep 1, 2001 Hepper, F.N. [1903], Cameroon K000027819 No
Sep 1, 2001 Breteler, F.J. [MC 43], Cameroon K000027812 No
Sep 1, 2001 Felix, J. [2785], Cameroon K000027809 No
Jan 1, 2001 Deistel, H. [74], Cameroon K000027822 No
Jan 1, 2001 Johnston, H.H. [12], Cameroon K000027823 No
Jan 1, 2001 Thresh, J.M. [3], Cameroon K000027831 No
Jan 1, 2001 Hutchinson, J. [56], Cameroon K000027835 No
Jan 1, 2001 Hutchinson, J. [56], Cameroon K000027836 No
Jan 1, 2001 Meijer, W. [15397], Cameroon K000027805 No
Jan 1, 2001 Maitland, T.D. [452], Cameroon K000027834 No
Jan 1, 2001 Brenan, J.P.M. [9563], Cameroon K000027833 No
Jan 1, 2001 Maitland, T.D. [452], Cameroon K000027826 No
Jan 1, 2001 Boughey, A.S. [6924], Cameroon K000027821 No
Jan 1, 2001 Dunlap [186], Cameroon K000027825 No
Jan 1, 2001 Annet [125], Cameroon K000027807 No
Jan 1, 2001 Keay, R.W.J. [37502], Cameroon K000027838 No
Jan 1, 2001 Steele, M. [70], Cameroon K000027829 No
Jan 1, 2001 Mildbraed, G. W. J. [200], Cameroon K000027828 No
Jan 1, 2001 Mann, G. [1209], Cameroon K000027824 No
Jan 1, 2001 Meurillon, A. [1165], Cameroon K000027837 No
Jan 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [107], Cameroon K000027806 No
Jan 1, 2001 Hambler, D. J. [210], Cameroon K000027832 No
Jan 1, 2001 Dalziel, J.M. [8305], Cameroon K000027830 No
Dec 1, 2000 Etuge, M. [2272], Cameroon K000338649 No
Dec 1, 2000 Pollard, B.J. [276], Cameroon K000338642 No
Oct 1, 1997 Etuge, M. [3471], Cameroon K000338644 No
Mar 1, 1997 Pollard, B.J. [42], Cameroon K000338646 No
Mar 1, 1997 Munyenyembe, P. [861], Cameroon K000338647 No
Mar 1, 1997 Munyenyembe, P. [786], Cameroon K000338648 No
Harris, T. [494], Malawi K000614571 No
Timberlake, J. [5196], Mozambique K000613924 No
Ash [1523], Ethiopia Agauria salicifolia 35649.000 No

First published in Gen. Hist. 3: 837 (1834)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Geerinck, D. (2009). Révision du genre Erica L. (Ericaceae) en Afrique centrale Taxonomania 28: 6-16.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.
  • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Geerinck, D. (2009). Révision du genre Erica L. (Ericaceae) en Afrique centrale Taxonomania 28: 6-16.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • G.Don, Gen. Syst. 3: 837 (1834).
  • Hedberg & Hedberg in Fl. Eth. 4, 1: 48, fig. 133.2 (2003).

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0