Anisophyllea R.Br. ex Sabine

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics.

[FZ]

Rhizophoraceae, A. R. Torre & A. E. Gonçalves. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Undershrubs, shrubs or trees, usually glabrous, with young shoots often pubescent or pilose, without aerial roots.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, shortly petiolate, exstipulate, often with alternating reduced stipuliform leaves; leaf-lamina usually ± elliptic, entire, often inequilateral, with 2–6 lateral nerves curving up from near the base and soon becoming subparallel, leathery to papery, mostly ± glabrous with age.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences many-flowered, spike-like, racemose or paniculate, axillary or supra-axillary, solitary or serial, ± slender, ebracteate or with minute, brownish, pubescent, soon caducous bracts.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers small, unisexual, polygamous or more usually bisexual, sessile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx pilose; calyx-tube campanulate, adnate to the ovary; calyx-lobes (3)4–5(7), ± deltate, acute at the apex, ± erect.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals scarcely longer than the calyx-lobes, lobed or laciniate (rarely entire), involute, inserted at the mouth of the calyx-tube.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk obscure, crenulate or lobed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens twice as many as the petals, inserted at the mouth of the calyx-tube or sometimes the epipetalous ones adnate to the basal parts of the petals; filaments short, usually unequal in length, subulate or narrowly linear; anthers small, ellipsoid or ovoid, didymous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary inferior, (3)4(8)-locular, each locule 1-ovulate; styles (3)4(8), short, subulate, ± thickened below, erect or recurved, ± free, arising from the epigynous disk.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit an ellipsoid to pyriform drupe, smooth or ridged, usually 1-locular and 1-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed with a leathery testa; albumen thick and hard; embryo linear or slightly fusiform, longitudinally embedded in the seed; cotyledons minute or absent; endosperm absent.

[FTEA]

Rhizophoraceae, John Lewis. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1956

Morphology General Habit
Trees, shrubs and subshrubs; individuals bearing leaves of more than one distinct size but not (in our area) very unlike in shape
Morphology Leaves
Leaves of the larger sort alternate, shortly petiolate, entire, exstipulate, usually ± elliptic, usually glabrous at maturity, usually with 2–6 lateral nerves curving up from near the base to become subparallel
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers small, numerous, in spikes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx-lobes (? 3–) 4–5, ± triangular-deltoid, ± erect
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4–5
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens twice as many as the calyx-lobes; anthers didymous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary inferior; styles 4–5 (–8), ± thickened below; ovules solitary in each cell
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a ± oblong drupe
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Endosperm absent.
Note
The species known from our area also have the following characters in common:Leaves usually narrowly to broadly elliptic or lanceolate, more rarely ovate or rotund. Calyx-lobes 4 (–7), glabrous within. Petals 4 (–6), divided above. Stamens 8 (–12), with ± raised ± convoluted or muricate glands between their bases. Styles 4 (–5).

Native to:

Angola, Borneo, Brazil North, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Colombia, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Nigeria, Peru, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Tanzania, Thailand, Vietnam, Zambia, Zaïre

Anisophyllea R.Br. ex Sabine appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Brenan, J.P.M. [9086], Nigeria 12266.000

First published in Trans. Hort. Soc. London 5: 446 (1824)

Accepted by

  • Chen, X., He, H. & Zhang, L.B. (2015). A monograph of the Anisophylleaceae (Cucurbitales) with description of 18 new species of Anisophyllea Phytotaxa 229(1): 1-189.
  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 2: 412.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Benth. & Hook., Gen. Pl. 1: 683 (1865).
  • in Trans. Hort. Soc. 5: 446 (1824).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • in Trans. Hort. Soc. 5: 446 (1824)

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China

    The Malesian Key Group (2010) Interactive Key to Seed Plants of Malesia and Indo-China (Version 2.0, 28 Jul 2010) The Nationaal Herbarium Nederland Leiden and The Royal Botanic Gardens Kew

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0