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This species is accepted, and its native range is Indian Subcontinent to Indo-China.
Bambusa bambos

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; 2000-3000 cm long; 100-150 mm diam.; woody; with root thorns from the nodes. Culm-internodes terete; glaucous; distally pruinose. Culm-nodes pubescent (brown). Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement one, or two, or three; in a clump; with 1 branch dominant; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths deciduous; glabrous. Culm-sheath ligule 1-2 mm high; ciliolate. Culm-sheath blade triangular; erect; hispid; acute. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface; outer margin hairy. Leaf-sheath oral hairs setose; 4-6 mm long; pale. Leaf-sheath auricles erect. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base broadly rounded; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.3-0.5 cm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 7-18 cm long; 10-18 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in untidy tufts; dense; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between clusters.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 5-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 15-20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 5-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 15-20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes definite.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes several; 2-3 empty glumes; persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile lemma ovate; 8-9 mm long; without keel; 15 -veined. Lemma margins ciliolate. Lemma apex acute; mucronate. Palea oblong; 1 length of lemma. Palea keels wingless; ciliate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 3; obovate; membranous; veined; ciliate. Anthers 6; 4-5 mm long. Stigmas 3. Ovary umbonate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid; sulcate on hilar side; 7-7.5 mm long. Embryo 0.2 length of caryopsis.
Distribution
Africa: western Indian ocean. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, and Malesia. South America: Mesoamericana and northern South America.
Reference
Bambuseae. =Bambusa arundinacea. Fl Costaric 1993.

Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam

Introduced into:

Costa Rica, Cuba, El Salvador, Honduras, Jawa, Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Nicaragua, Panamá, Philippines, Seychelles, Sumatera, Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Is.

Bambusa bambos (L.) Voss appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Wight [205-1801], India K000357926 Unknown type material
Thomson, T. [161], India K000357927 Unknown type material
Wong, K.M. [FRI 32379], Peninsular Malaysia K000795292
Niyomdham, C. [2264], Thailand K400795294
Heyne [ in Wall 5023 a], India K000357924 Unknown type material
Wight [in Wall 5023 B], India K000357925 Unknown type material
Retzel [440 in Wight 204-1799], India K000357928 Unknown type material
Aug 7, 1995 Kerr, A.F.G. [15628], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621815
Aug 7, 1995 Kerr, A.F.G. [15628], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621770
Aug 7, 1995 Kerr, A.F.G. [15628], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621769
Aug 7, 1995 Kerr, A.F.G. [15628], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621771
Aug 5, 1995 Kerr, A.F.G. [15628], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621768
Jan 1, 1963 King, R.M. [5509], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000631606
Aug 10, 1962 Sorensen, Th. [2510], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000631607
Oct 4, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [15797], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621796
Oct 4, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [15797], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621797
Oct 4, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [15797], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621798
Oct 4, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [15797], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621795
Sep 28, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [12292A], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621767
Sep 28, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [19894], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621808
Sep 28, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [12292A], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621764
Sep 28, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [19894], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621809
Sep 28, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [12292A], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621766
Sep 28, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [12292A], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621765
Sep 28, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [19894], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621807
Sep 26, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [12292], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621779
Sep 26, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [18297], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621803
Sep 26, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [18297], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621806
Sep 26, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [18297], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621804
Sep 26, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [12292], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621778
Sep 26, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [18297], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621805
Sep 26, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [12292], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621776
Sep 26, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [12292], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621777
Sep 25, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [12873], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621781
Sep 25, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [12873], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621785
Sep 25, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [10707], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621787
Sep 25, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [10707], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621788
Sep 25, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [12873], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621783
Sep 25, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [10707], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621789
Sep 25, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [12873], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621782
Sep 25, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [12873], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621784
Sep 25, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [12873], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621780
Sep 25, 1961 Kerr, A.F.G. [12873], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621786
Aug 30, 1939 Wight, R. [s.n.], India Bambusa arundinacea K000357920 Unknown type material
Aug 30, 1939 Wight, R. [s.n.], India Bambusa arundinacea K000357919 Unknown type material
Aug 30, 1939 Wight, R. [1800], India Bambusa arundinacea K000854832
Aug 30, 1939 Wight, R. [1802], India Bambusa arundinacea K000357922 Unknown type material
Aug 30, 1939 Wight, R. [2071802], India Bambusa arundinacea K000357921 Unknown type material
Oct 10, 1913 Kerr, A.F.G. [2948], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621811
Oct 10, 1913 Kerr, A.F.G. [2948A], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621814
Oct 10, 1913 Kerr, A.F.G. [2948], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621810
India Bambusa arundinacea K000357923 Unknown type material
Put [2181], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621772
Put [2181], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621774
Kerr, A.F.G. [10119], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621794
Kerr, A.F.G. [1011], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621799
Kerr, A.F.G. [1011], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621800
Kerr, A.F.G. [2356], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000631609
Hosseus, C.C. [444], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000631610
Kerr, A.F.G. [4699], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621813
Marcan, A. [2206], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621792
Put [2181], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621773
Larsen, K. [9241], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000631612
Kerr, A.F.G. [1011], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621801
Mbombo, R.M. [13956], Cameroon Bambusa arundinacea K000181819
Marcan, A. [2206], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621791
Kerr, A.F.G. [2356], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621802
Soderstrom, T.R. [1762], Sri Lanka Bambusa arundinacea K000795318
Kerr, A.F.G. [4699], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621812
Kerr, A.F.G. [10119], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621793
Mbombo, R.M. [13957], Cameroon Bambusa arundinacea K000181818
Marcan, A. [2206], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621790
Put [2181], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000621775
Larsen, K. [9241], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000631611
Larsen, K. [9241], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000631613
Larsen, K. [10507], Thailand Bambusa arundinacea K000631608

First published in Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3, 1: 1189 (1895)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2012). Nova Silva Cusatlantica. Árboles natinos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 2: Angiospermae - Familias M a P y Pteridophyta Englera 29-2: 1-300.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Berendsohn, W.G., Gruber, A.K. & Monterrosa Salomón, J. (2012). Nova Silva Cusatlantica. Árboles natinos e introducidos de El Salvador. Parte 2: Angiospermae - Familias M a P y Pteridophyta Englera 29-2: 1-300.
  • Camus, E.G. & Camus, A. in H. Lecomte (1922). Flore Générale de l'indo-Chine 1(3): 193-336.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Datta, B.K., Saha, R. Roy, M. & Majumder, K. (2008). Grasses of West Tripura district, Tripura, India Pleione 2: 98-105.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Fosberg, F.R. (1957). The Maldive islands, Indian Ocean Atoll Research Bulletin 58: 1-37.
  • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Robertson, S.A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles: 1-327. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
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