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This species is accepted, and its native range is Sahara & Sahel to Iran and Kenya.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths persistent and investing base of culm. Culms 30-120 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades filiform, or linear; flat, or involute; 10-35 cm long; 1-4 mm wide; aromatic. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Synflorescence compound; paniculate; 5-40 cm long; dense. Inflorescence composed of racemes; terminal and axillary; subtended by a spatheole; enclosed. Racemes 2; paired; deflexed; 1-3 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; semiterete; villous on margins. Rhachis hairs 2-4 mm long. Rhachis internodes linear. Rhachis internode tip transverse; cupuliform. Raceme-bases flattened; subequal. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Pedicels linear; semiterete; villous; with 2-4 mm long hairs.
Sterile
Basal sterile spikelets well-developed; 2 in number (lower raceme); 0 in upper raceme; sessile and pedicelled. Basal sterile spikelet pedicels fused to internode in lower raceme; swollen in lower raceme. Basal sterile spikelets equalling fertile. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; lanceolate; 4-7 mm long; as long as fertile; deciduous with the fertile. Companion sterile spikelet glumes chartaceous; acute; muticous. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 2; enclosed by glumes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4-7 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus pilose; base obtuse; inserted. Basal sterile spikelets well-developed; 2 in number (lower raceme); 0 in upper raceme; sessile and pedicelled. Basal sterile spikelet pedicels fused to internode in lower raceme; swollen in lower raceme. Basal sterile spikelets equalling fertile. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; lanceolate; 4-7 mm long; as long as fertile; deciduous with the fertile. Companion sterile spikelet glumes chartaceous; acute; muticous. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 2; enclosed by glumes.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4-7 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus pilose; base obtuse; inserted.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume linear; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; 2-keeled; keeled all along; keeled laterally; wingless. Lower glume intercarinal veins absent. Lower glume surface concave. Lower glume apex emarginate. Upper glume lanceolate; 1-keeled. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret hyaline. Fertile lemma lanceolate; hyaline; without keel. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; straight; 5-9 mm long overall; with a straight or slightly twisted column. Column of lemma awn glabrous. Palea absent or minute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Anthers 3.
Distribution
Africa: north, west tropical, northeast tropical, and east tropical. Asia-temperate: western Asia and Arabia. Asia-tropical: India.
Reference
Andropogoneae. FTEA.

[FTEA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

Morphology General Habit
Compactly tufted perennial, the basal sheaths persistent; culms 20–120 cm. high.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades filiform to flat, 10–35 cm. long, 1–4 mm. wide, asperulous on the nerves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
False panicle narrowly oblong, 5–40 cm. long; racemes 10–30 mm. long, woolly villous with hairs 2–4 mm. long, the lowermost pedicel swollen, its adjacent internode very short.
Sessile
Sessile spikelet narrowly lanceolate, 4–7 mm. long; lower glume chartaceous, nerveless and concave between the keels, these sharp throughout, wingless; upper lemma bidentate, the awn 5–9 mm. long, almost straight, with little difference between column and limb.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Pedicelled spikelet narrowly lanceolate, 4–7 mm. long. Sessile spikelet narrowly lanceolate, 4–7 mm. long; lower glume chartaceous, nerveless and concave between the keels, these sharp throughout, wingless; upper lemma bidentate, the awn 5–9 mm. long, almost straight, with little difference between column and limb.
Pedicelled
Pedicelled spikelet narrowly lanceolate, 4–7 mm. long.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Tufted perennial up to 120 cm high; leaves attenuate at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
False panicle narrowly oblong, 5–40 cm long; racemes 20–30 mm long, woolly-villous with hairs 2–4 mm long, the lowermost pedicel swollen, its adjacent internode very short
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Pedicelled spikelet narrowly lanceolate, 4–7 mm long. Sessile spikelet narrowly lanceolate, 4–7 mm long; lower glume chartaceous, glabrous, nerveless and concave between the keels, these sharply inflexed throughout; awn of upper lemma 5–9 mm long, almost straight, scarcely differentiated into column and limb
Distribution
N1–3; C1 Africa north of the Sahara; Arabia
Ecology
Altitude range 425–1475 m.
Vernacular
Aus damer, aus goron, werahr (Somali).
Note
Represented in Somalia by subsp. schoenanthus. Subsp. proximus (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Maire & Weiller differs in its shorter racemes gathered into dense clusters, and puberulous lower glume of the sessile spikelet; it occurs in tropical Africa south of the Sahara, but the two subspecies overlap in parts of eastern tropical Africa.

Native to:

Algeria, Benin, Burkina, Central African Repu, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf States, Iran, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Oman, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sinai, Somalia, Sudan, Togo, Tunisia, Western Sahara, Yemen

Introduced into:

Réunion

Cymbopogon schoenanthus (L.) Spreng. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8794] Andropogon schoenanthus K001128218
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8794], Nepal Andropogon schoenanthus K001128221
Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8794] Andropogon schoenanthus K001128222
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8794] Andropogon schoenanthus K001128227
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8794], Myanmar Andropogon schoenanthus K001128225
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8794] Andropogon schoenanthus K001128216
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8794], Myanmar Andropogon schoenanthus K001128224
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8794] Andropogon schoenanthus K001128215
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8794] Andropogon schoenanthus K001128226
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8794], India Andropogon schoenanthus K001128219
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8794], Myanmar Andropogon schoenanthus K001128223
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8794] Andropogon schoenanthus K001128217
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8794] Andropogon schoenanthus K001128214
s.coll. [Cat. no. 8794], India Andropogon schoenanthus K001128220

First published in Pl. Min. Cogn. Pug. 2: 15 (1815)

Accepted by

  • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1993). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 2(2): 433-968. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • A. Chev. in Rev. Bot. Appliq. 13: 871
  • Berhaut, Fl. Sén. ed. 2, 420
  • De Miré & Gillet in J. Agric. Trop. 3: 730
  • F.T.A. 9: 268
  • Pl. Pugill. 2: 15 (1815)
  • Stapf in Kew Bull. 1906: 303.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1993). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 2(2): 433-968. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Guinea, E. (1948). Catálogo razonado de las plantas del Sáhara Español Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 8: 357-429.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • de Cordemoy, E.J. (1895). Flore de l'ile de la Réunion: 1-574. Librairie des sciences naturelles Paul Klincksieck, Paris.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by T. A. Cope [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Spreng., Pl. Pugill. 2: 14 (1815).
  • Stapf in Flora of Tropical Africa 9: 268 (1919).

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0