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This species is accepted, and its native range is Central Kenya to N. Tanzania.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium


Acanthaceae (part 2), Kaj Vollesen. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

Type: Tanzania, Kilimanjaro, below Marangu, Himo, Volkens 1721 (B†, holo.; BM!, K!, iso.)
Morphology General Habit
Much branched erect or scrambling shrub to 2(?–3) m tall; bark peeling in long papery strips; young branches finely sericeous or sparsely so (rarely finely puberulous), the hairs short and stubby and often slightly curly, no long spreading hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate, elliptic or obovate to suborbicular, largest (1.5–)2–6.2(–8.5) × (0.8–)1–4(–6) cm, apex acute to truncate (rarely retuse), with a triangular apical tooth (sometimes recurved), base attenuate to truncate, decurrent to a distinct petiole to 1.3(–2.5) cm long, subglabrous to curly puberulous on both sides (below densest along veins), margin dentate (rarely crenate); stipule sheath to 1 mm long. Flowers in few- to many-flowered (some with 5 or more flowers) condensed dichasial axillary cymes with peduncle and branches 1–3 mm long, indumentum as branches; outer bracts, lanceolate to oblong, to 1.2 cm long; inner bracts to 8 mm long, sparsely curly sericeous-puberulous; bracteoles similar, to 6 mm long. Calyx 4–9(–11 in fruit) mm long, sericeous-puberulous or sparsely so (rarely subglabrous), tube 4–5 mm long; teeth lanceolate to narrowly triangular, acuminate, dorsal 4–5 mm long, ventral 3–5 mm long of which the free part 1–3 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white to cream or pale yellow with red or purple patches on lower lip, 6–10 mm long, finely sericeous-puberulous; tube 4–7 mm long of which the throat 1–3 mm, with band of long (0.5–1 mm) hairs at insertion of stamens; lips 2–4 mm long; lobes oblong, 1–2 mm wide, rounded to retuse; palate indistinctly pleated, with long stiff or curly hairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments 2–4 mm long, with scattered hairs towards base, glabrous or with scattered glands upwards; anthers ± 1 mm long, rounded, connective with scattered glands, sometimes also hairy at one end
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Dorsal stigma lobe slightly shorter than ventral
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 6–8 mm long, obovoid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed ± 3 mm long
Fig 38: 12, p250
Acacia-Commiphora and Combretum woodland and bushland, on grey or brown sandy to black loamy or clayey soil or on rocky hills, rocky thickets, dry riverine scrub; 350–1000 m
Range: Not known elsewhere Flora districts: K4 K7 T2 T3

Native to:

Kenya, Tanzania

Duosperma kilimandscharicum (Lindau) Dayton appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Apr 27, 2005 Volkens, G. [1721], Tanzania K000394012 isotype
Apr 27, 2005 Scott Elliot, G.F. [6306], Kenya K000394013 holotype
Abdallah, R. [s.n.], Tanzania K001295758

First published in Rhodora 47: 262 (1945)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
  • Vollesen, K. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Acanthaceae(1): 1-285.


Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • K.B. 29: 411 (1974)
  • K.B. 62: 323, fig. 11 M (2006).
  • Lebrun & Stork, Enum. Pl. Afr. Trop. 4: 479 (1997)
  • Rhodora 47: 262 (1945)
  • U.K.W.F., ed. 2: 270 (1994)
  • U.K.W.F.: 587 (1974)
  • Vollesen et al., Checklist Vasc. Pl. and Pter. Mkomazi: 82 (1999)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.