Caldesia parnassifolia (Bassi) Parl.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe, Africa, Caucasus, Russian Far East to Tropical Asia and Queensland.

[FTEA]

Alismataceae, Susan Carter. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1960

Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blade broadly ovate, 5–9 × 5.5–12 cm.; apex rounded or broadly obtuse; base deeply cordate; nerves 13–17, radiating from the apex of the petiole.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Peduncle 4–7 dm. high; inflorescence with 4–8 whorls, the lowest always of branches; bracts oblong-lanceolate, the lowest about 1 cm. long, thickened; bracteoles much shorter, membranous; flowers sometimes replaced by vegetative buds; pedicels 1–4 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals spreading, broadly ovate, 4 × 3 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals delicate, a little larger than the sepals.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 6; filaments 1.5–2 mm. long, flattened and broadened at the base; anthers broad, nearly 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels 10–15, ovate, 1 mm. long; style slightly hooked, 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes about 8, with a spongy exocarp (not usually evident in dried material) and hard endocarp with 5–9 longitudinal ridges, 3 mm. long.
Figures
Fig. 4, p. 8.
Habitat
Swamps, shallow lakes and river-margins; 1125–1170 m.
Distribution
T2 U4 widespread, but not common, from India, Malaysia, China and Japan to Australia, Madagascar, tropical and North Africa

[FWTA]

Alismataceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

Morphology General Habit
An aquatic with floating leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Paniculate inflorescences 1-2 ft. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
White flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Smooth fruits
Ecology
In swamps.

Doubtfully present in:

Egypt

Native to:

Altay, Amur, Angola, Assam, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, France, Germany, Guinea, Hungary, India, Inner Mongolia, Italy, Japan, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Korea, Madagascar, Malawi, Maluku, Manchuria, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nigeria, Pakistan, Poland, Primorye, Queensland, Romania, Rwanda, Senegal, Sudan, Sulawesi, Tanzania, Thailand, Transcaucasus, Uganda, Ukraine, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Extinct in:

Austria, Bulgaria, Switzerland

Caldesia parnassifolia (Bassi) Parl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jun 26, 2012 Heath [1441], Botswana K000524304 No
Jan 1, 1937 Schweinfurth [1166] Caldesia reniformis K000345991 syntype Yes
Schweinfurth, G. [222], Sudan Caldesia reniformis K000345992 syntype Yes

First published in Fl. Ital. 3: 599 (1860)

Accepted by

  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • H?, P.-H. (1993). Câyc? Vi?tnam. An Illustrated flora of Vietnam 3(1): 1-603d. Pham-hoang Ho, Montréal.
  • Ito, Y., Ohi-Toma, T., Tanaka, N. & Murata, J. (2009). New or noteworthy plant collections from Myanmar (3) Caldesia parnassifolia, Nechamandra alternifolia, Potamogeton maackianus and P. octandrus The Journal of Japanese Botany 84: 321-329.
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (2020). Flora of Japan IVa: 1-430. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Krasnoborov, I.M. (ed.) (2000). Flora of Siberia 1: 1-189. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
  • Van Steenis, C.G.G.J. (ed.) (1955-1958). Flora Malesiana 5: 1-595. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Boulos, L. (1995). Flora of Egypt Checklist: i-xii, 1-287. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Czerepanov, S.K. (1995). Vascular Plants of Russia and Adjacent States (The Former USSR): 1-516. Cambridge University Press.
  • Ghafoor, A. (1974). Flora of Pakistan 68: 1-12. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • H?, P.-H. (1993). Câyc? Vi?tnam. An Illustrated flora of Vietnam 3(1): 1-603d. Pham-hoang Ho, Montréal.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1968). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(1): 1-276.
  • Ito, Y., Ohi-Toma, T., Tanaka, N. & Murata, J. (2009). New or noteworthy plant collections from Myanmar (3) Caldesia parnassifolia, Nechamandra alternifolia, Potamogeton maackianus and P. octandrus The Journal of Japanese Botany 84: 321-329.
  • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
  • Kharkevich, S.S. (ed.) (1987). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 2: 1-448. Nauka, Leningrad.
  • Krasnoborov, I.M. (ed.) (2000). Flora of Siberia 1: 1-189. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2009). Flora Zambesiaca 12(2): 1-208. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Plants and People Africa

    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
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