Commicarpus plumbagineus (Cav.) Standl.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Medit. to Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar, Arabian Peninsula to India.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology Stem
Stems trailing or scandent, to at least 4 m high, becoming ± woody; most parts usually sparsely puberulous to subglabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blade ovate or suborbicular, up to 2–9 x 2–7 cm, broadly cuneate to subcordate at the base, rounded to acute at the apex, rarely subacuminate, entire or obscurely sinuate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers in umbels and whorls usually aggregated into irregular panicles; pedicels 4–11 mm long in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth-limb white, 7–11 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Anthocarp ± cylindrical, 6.5–8 mm long, with 1–2 subapical whorls of stalked glands and a few scattered, sometimes rather obscure, sessile glands.
Distribution
N1, 2; C1, 2; S2; tropical Africa, Madagascar; S Arabia, Palestine and S Spain
Ecology
Altitude range 125–1600 m.
Vernacular
Ged irman (Somali).
Note
Material from Namibia and Botswana with hairier stems and fruits has been separated as var. trichocarpa (Heimerl) Meikle.

[FWTA]

Nyctaginaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
Stems tall, climbing or sprawling.

[FZ]

Nyctaginaceae, B. L. Stannard. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Herbs from woody rootstock.
Morphology Stem
Stems procumbent or scandent to 4 (10) m, woody towards base, much branched, glabrous, puberulous or pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 1.5–12 × 0.7–8 cm., ovate, slightly fleshy, pubescent to glabrescent on both surfaces, base cordate, more or less truncate or rounded, apex acute, apiculate, margins entire or repand; petioles 1.5–40 mm. long, pubescent to glabrescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences irregular or of mixed umbels and verticels; peduncles pubescent to glabrescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts 1.5–4 mm. long, linear-lanceolate, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 1–5 mm. long, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth 8–15 mm. long, lower portion with viscid glands over the surface (particularly around the apex), glabrous to puberulous, upper portion 7–12 mm. long, spreading 5–9 mm. wide, narrowly infundibuliform with distinct basal tube, white (possibly very rarely with yellowish, pinkish tinges), often densely pubescent to glabrescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3–5 long exserted, 12–18.5 mm. long; anthers 0.6–0.8 × 0.8–1 mm., thecae reniform.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 0.75–1 mm. long, ellipsoid, stipitate, glabrous, style 15–18 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Anthocarps 7–11 × 1–2 mm., cylindrical, fusiform to claviform, glabrous to pubescent with numerous usually more or less slender-stalked viscid glands concentrated towards apex but sometimes scattered sparsely among sessile viscid glands over rest of surface.

[FTEA]

Nyctaginaceae, Christopher Whitehouse. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

Morphology General Habit
Prostrate or scrambling, glabrous to puberulous perennial; stems up to 3 m. long, woody towards the base.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate, up to 9.5 cm. long, 8 cm. wide, the base cordate, truncate or cuneate, apex acute or rounded, sometimes apiculate, margins sinuate, unpleasantly aromatic ( fide Tanner 4115) or not.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence an umbel, often with a verticel of flowers below, on a peduncle up to 15 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers infundibuliform, 8–12(–16) mm. long, 3–8(–11) mm. wide; upper perianth white, rarely very pale pink or mauve, green base and stripes, 6–9(–13) mm. long with a narrow perianth tube.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens ± 3; filaments white; anthers pink to purple.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Style white; stigma pale pink.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Anthocarps terete to narrowly clavate, 7–9 mm. long, 2–3 mm. wide, with a ring of stalked glands around the apex and a few scattered sessile glands below.
Figures
Fig. 3/1–3.
Habitat
Bush, scrub and riverine forest; 100–2000 m.
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 found from Senegal to Somalia and south to South Africa (Transvaal and Natal)

[FWTA]

Nyctaginaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
Stems scandent, glabrous.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gulf States, India, Iran, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Palestine, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Spain, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

English
False plumbago, Tattoo Plant

Commicarpus plumbagineus (Cav.) Standl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Rautanen, M. [80], South Africa K000243812 lectotype Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6772] Boerhavia verticillata K001124788 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6772], India Boerhavia verticillata K001124787 Yes

First published in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 18: 101 (1916)

Accepted by

  • Berhaut, J. (1979). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 6: 1-636. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 1-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.
  • Pramanick, D.D., Maiti, G.G. & Mondal, M.S. (2018). Enumeration of the family Nyctaginaceae in India Indian Forester 144: 825-831.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Struwig, M. & al. (2015). Nyctaginaceae: A taxonomic treatment for the flora of Namibia Phytotaxa 238: 101-135.
  • Struwig, M. (2011). A systematic study of Boerhavia L. and Commicarpus Standl. (Nyctaginaceae) in southern Africa: 1-287. Thesis, Potchefstroom campus of the North-West University.
  • Whitehouse, C. (1996). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Nyctaginaceae: 1-20.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • in Contrib. U.S. Nat. Herb. 18: 101 (1918).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.
  • Pramanick, D.D., Maiti, G.G. & Mondal, M.S. (2018). Enumeration of the family Nyctaginaceae in India Indian Forester 144: 825-831.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Struwig, M. & al. (2015). Nyctaginaceae: A taxonomic treatment for the flora of Namibia Phytotaxa 238: 101-135.
  • Struwig, M. (2011). A systematic study of Boerhavia L. and Commicarpus Standl. (Nyctaginaceae) in southern Africa: 1-287. Thesis, Potchefstroom campus of the North-West University.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 84, t. 20 (1994).
  • Balle in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 2: 88 (1951).
  • Blundell, Wild Fl. E. Afr., reprint: 55, t. 43 (1992).
  • Heriz-Smith, Wild Fl. Nairobi Roy. Nat. Park: 27 (1962).
  • Meikle in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 177 (1954).
  • Meikle in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edin. 36: 244, fig. 2J (1978).
  • Standl. in Contr. U.S. Nat. Herb. 18: 101 (1916).
  • Stannard in Flora Zambesiaca 9(1): 16 (1988).
  • Thulin, Fl. Somalia 1: 172 (1993).
  • Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 1: 206, fig. 44/1 (1978).

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