Genus:
Satyrium Sw.

Satyrium rhynchanthoides Schltr.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Zambia.

[FZ]

Orchidaceae, I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

Morphology General Habit
Slender terrestrial herb 12–32 cm tall; tubers to 3.5 cm long, globose to ellipsoid, woolly.
Morphology Stem
Stem leafy with 4–6 leaves.
Morphology Leaves
Lowermost 1–2 leaves sheath-like, the next 2–3 leaves borne near the stem base but not appressed to the ground, up to 7 × 2–3 cm, lanceolate, spreading, light green; the upper leaves bract-like.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence c. 8 cm long, laxly 3–25-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pale pink or lilac or almost white.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel and Ovary
Ovary and pedicel c. 10 mm long, curved, slender.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts erect, 10–15 mm long, lanceolate, acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals spreading forwards or decurved, joined to each other and lip in basal third or quarter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Median sepal 7–9.5 × 1–2 mm, oblanceolate, obtuse; lateral sepals slightly shorter and c. 3 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals similar to median sepal but slightly shorter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip 7–9 mm long, 5–6 mm wide when spread out, very convex, wide-mouthed, the apex recurved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Spur
Spurs 6–8 mm long, slender, tapering, arched over ovary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column 5 mm long; stigma 1 × 1.5 mm; rostellum with 3 equal teeth, the middle tooth bifid.

[FTEA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
A terrestrial herb 0.7–3 dm. high, glabrous except for the roots.
Vegetative Multiplication Tubers
Tubers globose to ellipsoid or conical-fusiform, 6–32 mm. long, 5–14 mm. in diameter, ± densely tomentose.
Morphology Roots
Roots slender, flexuous, pubescent.
Morphology Stem
Stem erect, sometimes flexuous, rather slender, leafy.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 4–6; 1 or 2 lowest reduced to sheaths, acute, 2–3 intermediate ± spreading or suberect, lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate to broadly elliptical or elliptical-ovate, acute, up to 2.5- 4 cm. long and 1.3–3.2 cm. broad, upper 1 or 2 smaller, adpressed to the stem, lanceolate, acute, often resembling the lower bracts.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence cylindrical, 2.5–13 cm. long, 2.5–3 cm. in diameter, rather loosely 3–25-flowered; bracts erect, lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, acute, 6–20 mm. long, the lower ones sometimes longer than the flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers spreading or half-spreading, pale pink to lilac or pale mauve; pedicel with ovary curved, slender, 8–11 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals spreading forwards or slightly decurved, united with one another and to the lip in their basal third or quarter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Intermediate sepal oblong-oblanceolate, obtuse or rounded, 8–9.5 mm. long, nearly 2 mm. broad; laterals obliquely oblanceolate-elliptical, rounded at apex, slightly shorter than the intermediate, ± 3 mm. broad.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals obliquely subspathulate-oblong, truncate at apex, 7.5- 9.5 mm. long, 1.5–2 mm. broad; all tepals 2–3-veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip very convex, hooded, ± 7 mm. long, 5–6 mm. broad when spread out.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Spur
Spurs basal, much curved, diverging from ovary at base but decurved towards apex, slender, 5–8 mm. long, 1–2 mm. in diameter at base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column erect, enclosed in lip, the stalk slender, longer than the fertile part, altogether 5 mm. long; anther-loculi dependent, ellipsoid; stigma erect, broadly semi-orbicular, 1 mm. high, 1.5 mm. broad, rostellum broad, equally 3-toothed, the middle tooth bifid.
Habitat
Upland grassland and Brachystegia woodland, especially around rock outcrops; 1900–2400 m.
Distribution
T7 T8

Native to:

Malawi, Tanzania, Zambia

Satyrium rhynchanthoides Schltr. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Robson, N.K.B. [1290], Malawi 23796.000 No
Holmes, W.D. [0204], Malawi 23797.000 No
Richards, H.M. [14304], Tanzania 23798.000 No
Richards, H.M. [14393], Zambia 23799.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [8986], Tanzania 24563.000 No
Brummitt, R.K. [9142], Malawi 25694.221 No
Morris, B. [BM 97], Malawi 28196.000 No
Gassner, A. [145], Malawi 46583.000 No
Stolz, A. [1074] K000416086 Unknown type material Yes
Stolz, A. [2435], Tanzania K000416087 syntype Yes

First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 529 (1915)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Schltr. in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 53: 529(1915).

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0