Terminalia chebula Retz.

First published in Observ. Bot. 5: 31 (1788)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Indian Subcontinent to China (W. Yunnan) and Indo-China. It is a tree and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, East Himalaya, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya

Introduced into:

China Southeast, Malaya, Pakistan, Taiwan, Zaïre

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12228-023-09756-w. epublication.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. Chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Kotiya, A., Solanki, Y. & Reddy, G.V. (2020). Flora of Rajasthan: 1-769. Rajasthan state biodiversity board.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo). Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Liben, L. (1968). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Combretaceae: 1-105. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh lục các loài thực vật Việt Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà Nội : Nhà xuất bản Nông nghiệp.
  • Meena, S.L. (2012). A checklist of the vascular plants of Banaskantha district, Gujarat, India. Nelumbo 54: 39-91.
  • Nasir, E. & Ali, S.I. (eds.) (1970-1995). Flora of West Pakistan 1-131.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India. Pleione 3: 190-200.
  • Sikarwar, R.L.S. (2014). Angiosperm diversity assessment of Chitrakootthe legendary place of Vindhyan range, India. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 38: 563-619.
  • Singh, V., Singh, P. & Dash, S.S. (eds.) (2021). Flora of India 9: 1-482. Botanical Survey of India.
  • Toyama, H. & al. (2013). Inventory of the woody flora in Permanent plats of Kampong Thom and Kompong Chhnang provinces, Cambodia. Acta Phytotaxonomica et Geobotanica 64: 45-105.
  • Turner, I.M. (2020). https://doi.org/10.36253/jopt-8891. epublication.
  • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2007). Flora of China 13: 1-548. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12228-023-09756-w. epublication.
  • Liben, L. (1968). Flore du Congo du Rwanda et du Burundi, Combretaceae: 1-105. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Bruxelles.
  • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India. Pleione 3: 190-200.
  • Singh, V., Singh, P. & Dash, S.S. (eds.) (2021). Flora of India 9: 1-482. Botanical Survey of India.
  • Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2007). Flora of China 13: 1-548. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Feb 4, 2020 Larsen, K.; Larsen, S.S. [33833] Thailand K000607590 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3967] Burma K001117767 Unknown Type Material Yes
Possibly Heyne, B. [603] India K000786119 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3967] K001117761 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3967] K001117759 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3967] K001117757 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3967] Burma K001117765 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3967] K001117764 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3967] K001117756 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3967] K001117755 Unknown Type Material Yes
Thomson, T. [s.n.] India K000786120 Unknown Type Material Yes
Thorel, C. [9212] Vietnam K000786191 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3967] K001117758 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3967] Burma K001117766 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 3967] Nepal K001117763 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wight, R. [Peninsula Indiae Orientalis No. 1012] India K001129738 Neotype Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 3967] K001117760 Unknown Type Material Yes
Bruce, H. [Cat. no. 3967] Bangladesh K001117762 Unknown Type Material Yes
Kurz, S. [1910] Burma K000786118 Unknown Type Material Yes
Mokim, S. [s.n.] Burma Terminalia argyrophylla K000786086 Unknown Type Material Yes

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images