Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.
Crinum crassicaule Baker

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca Amaryllidaceae by C. Zimudzi, R.H. Archer, E.G. Kwembeya & I. Nordal

Vegetative Multiplication Bulbs
Bulb to 15–20 cm wide, narrowing into a neck.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves dull blue-green, ciliate, spreading on ground, lacking a midrib or keel, up to 83 × 4.8–16 cm, most leaves necrotic apically, emitting a repellent odour when crushed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Scape
Scape 1–2, suberect, lateral, 9–30 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Spathe
Spathe valves greenish yellow, drooping at anthesis, purplish streaked, 5.5–9 × 1.7 cm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence 3–10 flowered; pedicels 0.2–1.5 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth tube 10–11 cm long; segments acuminate, connivent into a bell 8.5–11 cm long, outer c.2 cm broad, inner 2.5 cm broad, apex whitish or reddish in colour, apical third recurved.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments whitish or tinged red towards apex, declinate, 6–7 cm long; anthers yellow, curved, up to 1.5 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style red in the upper portion.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits subglobose, beaked.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds papillose, greenish, turning black when exposed to air, emitting a repellent odour, sinking immediately in water.
Distribution
Widespread in southern Africa.
Ecology
Disturbed areas on sandy soils; 800–1200 m.
Conservation
Conservation notes: Widespread species; not threatened.

Native to:

Botswana, Cape Provinces, Malawi, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Crinum crassicaule Baker appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Lugard [45], Botswana K000365439
Baines [s.n.], Botswana K000365438 Unknown type material
Louw, W.F. [3460], South Africa Crinum foetidum K000365420 isotype

First published in Handb. Amaryll.: 85 (1888)

Accepted by

  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Timberlake, J.R. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2008). Flora Zambesiaca 13(1): 1-140. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2006). Synopsis of Amaryllidaceae from the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia. The Zimbabwe Journal of Botany 18: 151-168.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Handb. Amaryllid.: 85 (1888).
  • ―Lehmiller in Herbertia 52: 54 (1997).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Zimudzi, C., Archer, R.H., Kwembeya, E.G. & Nordal, I. (2006). Synopsis of Amaryllidaceae from the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia. The Zimbabwe Journal of Botany 18: 151-168.

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
© Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/