Genus:
Nymphaea L.

Nymphaea nouchali var. caerulea (Savigny) Verdc.

This variety is accepted, and its native range is Egypt to S. Africa, S. Arabian Peninsula, Comoros.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually entire or sinuate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals acute to obtuse.
Distribution
S1, 3 widespread in tropical and southern Africa; var. nouchali in India.
Ecology
Altitude range 50–250 m.
Note
Several other varieties distributed in eastern and southern Africa were recognized by Verdcourt in Fl. Trop. E. Afr. (1989).

[FZ]

Nymphaeaceae, F. A. Mendoça. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

Morphology General Habit
Aquatic herb with tuberous rhizome.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 8–35 x 7.5–42 cm., chartaceous, with long petioles, glabrous or densely pubescent, orbicular or subelliptic, incised-cordate, peltate, lobes slightly divergent or somewhat overlapping, acute or caudate, margin ± irregularly sinuate-lobulate or entire towards the apex, upper surface smooth, under surface with conspicuously raised nerves, green or rarely reddish or reddish-purple, primary lateral nerves 8–11 on each side of the midrib, forming elongated closed areas stretching to more than 2/3 of the way to the margin, 6–8 pairs of secondary nerves arising from the midrib.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers blue or pinkish, 8–12 cm. in diam.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4, 4–10 x 1.5–3.5 cm., green or purple at the margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 14–20, outermost as long as the sepals, oblong, obtuse or subacute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens very numerous, 100–200 or more, densely congested, the outermost with long appendages.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels 14–24; style very short.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 2.2 x 3.2 cm. (in the specimens seen), depressed-globose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 1.2 mm. long, ellipsoid.

Native to:

Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cape Provinces, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Oman, Palestine, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Argentina Northeast, Ascension, Assam, Bangladesh, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Fiji, Mauritius, New South Wales, New Zealand North, Queensland, Society Is., Tubuai Is.

English
Blue Lotus of the Nile, Cape Blue Waterlily

Nymphaea nouchali var. caerulea (Savigny) Verdc. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Milne-Redhead, E. [9136], Tanzania Nymphaea caerulea 23981.000 No
Widel, H. Nymphaea caerulea 26135.000 No
South Africa Nymphaea capensis K000230140 Yes
Burchell [4202] Nymphaea capensis K000230141 Unknown type material Yes
Zehyer [457], South Africa Nymphaea capensis K000230142 Yes
Zehyer [25] Nymphaea capensis K000230143 Yes

First published in Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Nymphaeac.: 7 (1989)

Accepted by

  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Bosser, J., Cadet, T., Julien, H.R. & Marais, W. (eds.) (1980). Flore des Mascareignes 31-50: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E., Smith, G.F. & Nyffeler, R. (2013). August Wulfhorst (1861-1936) and his overlooked contributions on the flora of Angola Candollea 68: 123-131.
  • Florence, J. (2004). Flore de la Polynésie Française 2: 1-503. IRD editions, Paris.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 2: 1-1060. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Verdcourt, B. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Nymphaeaceae: 1-12.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (2019). https://doi.org/10.7931/b1jh-cp50 epublication.
  • Ansari, R. & Jeeja, G. (2009). Waterlilies in India. Taxonomy and cultivation of the genus Nymphaea L. (Nymphaeaceae): 1-86. Indian Association for Angiosperm Taxonomy.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Bosser, J., Cadet, T., Julien, H.R. & Marais, W. (eds.) (1980). Flore des Mascareignes 31-50: 1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Boulos, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 1-419. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1960). Flora Zambesiaca 1(1): 1-336. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Fairhurst, W. (2004). Flowering Plants of Ascension island: 1-300. Higham Press, Shirland, Alfreton, England.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Florence, J. (2004). Flore de la Polynésie Française 2: 1-503. IRD editions, Paris.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hammel, B.E. & al. (eds.) (2007). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica, volumen VI, Dicotyledóneas (Haloragaceae-Phytolaccaceae) Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 111: 1-933. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Lewalle, J. (1970). Liste floristique et répartition altitudinale de la flore du Burundi occidental: 1-84. Université officielle de Bujumbura.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.
  • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 2: 1-1060. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Smith, A.C. (1981). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 2: 1-810. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Verdcourt, B. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Nymphaeaceae: 1-12.
  • Welsh, S.L. (1998). Flora Societensis: 1-420. E.P.S. Inc. Utah.
  • Wilson, A.J.G. (ed.) (2007). Flora of Australia 2: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Verdcourt in Fl. Trop. E. Afr., Nymphaeaceae: 7 (1989)

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