Family:
Malvaceae Juss.
Genus:
Hibiscus L.

Hibiscus tiliaceus L.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics. It is used as animal food and a medicine, has environmental uses and social uses and for fuel and food.

[FTEA]

Malvaceae, Bernard Verdcourt & Geoffrey Mwachala. Pavonia, B Verdcourt; Kosteletzkya, OJ Blanchard Jr.; Gossypium, P Fryxell & B Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

Type
Lectotype: India, Herb. Hermann 3: 51, No. 259 (BM-000594693)
Morphology General Habit
Tree to 9 m tall.
Morphology Stem
Stems glabrous or sparsely to densely stellate-pubescent, becoming brown-grey with prominent lenticels
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ovate to orbicular, 6–22 × 6–23 cm, unlobed or rarely 3-lobed, apex acuminate or rounded, base cordate, margin entire to obscurely dentate, glabrous or sparsely stellate-pubescent above, glabrous or stellatetomentose below; petiole 6–15(–17) cm long, sparsely to densely stellate-tomentose; stipules lanceolate to narrowly ovate, 1.7–3.5 × 0.8–1.5 cm, caducuous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in terminal 3–6-flowered cymes; pedicel 0.5–2 cm long, articulated at base, densely stellate-pubescent, angular in the upper part; epicalyx cuplike, to 7 mm long, adnate to calyx, with ten teeth to 2 mm long, densely stellate-tomentose; calyx lobes lanceolate, 11–18 × 5–7 mm, fused in the lower 1/3, each with prominent median vein on which a gland (nectary) occurs, acute, densely tomentose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow, 4–6.5 cm long, the basal dark red, 1–2 cm, densely stellate-tomentose on the outside, sparsely pubescent or glabrous within.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Staminal tube 2–2.5 cm long, filaments 2 mm long; exserted part of style 5–8 mm long, pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ovoid-ellipsoid, 1.6–2.2 cm long, valves acuminate, densely grey-tomentose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds brown, reniform, 4 × 2 mm, tuberculate.
Ecology
Sandy seashores and mangrove swamps; 0–20 m
Distribution
Flora districts: K7 T3 T6 ZP Range: Pan-tropical

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
amajagua, chitú, flor de salmón, flor variante, majagua, majagua de playa, majagüito, majagüito de playa, majaguo, sanjoaquín

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Caribbean, Pacific. Elevation range: 0–50 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Bolívar, Cauca, Chocó, Magdalena, Nariño, San Andrés y Providencia, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Tree.
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, shrubland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
Vernacular
Majagua

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa y cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 50 m.; Llanura del Caribe, Pacífico.
Morphology General Habit
Árbol
Conservation
No Evaluada

[UPFC]
Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Fuel
Used for fuels.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Social
Social uses.

Native to:

Aldabra, Andaman Is., Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Bismarck Archipelago, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central American Pac, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Kazan-retto, Kenya, Kermadec Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Malaya, Maldives, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., Ogasawara-shoto, Panamá, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Society Is., Solomon Is., Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., Windward Is., Zaïre

Introduced into:

Bermuda, Chagos Archipelago, Easter Is., Florida, Galápagos, Line Is.

English
Mahoe

Hibiscus tiliaceus L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Mar 7, 2016 Sands, M.J.S. [2845], Papua New Guinea K000607641 No
Jul 1, 2010 Syahida Emiza [54996], Peninsular Malaysia K000612102 No
Jul 1, 2010 Chew [53774], Peninsular Malaysia K000612103 No
Sep 1, 2009 Middleton [2238], Thailand K000611016 No
May 1, 2009 Amin Sigun [126326], Sabah K000610608 No
May 1, 2009 Sugau [SIP-G 52], Sabah K000610609 No
May 1, 2009 Amin Sigun [126340], Sabah K000610610 No
May 1, 2008 Barbon et al. [PPI 5559], Philippines K000224920 No
May 1, 2008 Sands [1435], Papua New Guinea K000224923 No
May 1, 2008 Sands [2845], Papua New Guinea K000224924 No
May 1, 2008 Sands [2386], Papua New Guinea K000224925 No
May 1, 2008 Florence [6890], French Polynesia K000224926 No
Feb 13, 2006 Gaerlan [26495], Philippines K000223847 No
Feb 13, 2006 Barbon et al. [2068], Philippines K000223849 No
Feb 13, 2006 Barbon et al. [1854], Philippines K000223848 No
Feb 13, 2006 Reynoso et al. [1191], Philippines K000223846 No
Feb 13, 2006 Reynoso et al. [834], Philippines K000223845 No
Feb 10, 2006 Soejarto [10807], Laos K000223838 No
Feb 10, 2006 George [16243], Christmas I. K000223835 No
Feb 10, 2006 Barbon et al. [18772], Philippines K000223836 No
Feb 10, 2006 Nasrah [140719], Sabah K000223839 No
Feb 10, 2006 Takeuchi [10043], Papua New Guinea K000223844 No
Jan 1, 1992 Sunderland, T.C.H. [1103], Cameroon K000381350 No
Jan 1, 1976 Letouzey, R. [14813], Cameroon K000105005 No
Jan 1, 1939 Matuda, E. [2730], Mexico K001035793 No
Forster [s.n.] K000659900 isotype Yes
Maitland, T.D. [0s.n.3], Cameroon K000105051 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1912] K001114703 Yes
Langalsé, E. [148], Mexico K001134760 No
Martius [576], Brazil K001218445 Yes
Gardner [189], Brazil K001218384 Yes
Glaziou, A.F.M. [2497], Brazil K001218380 Yes
Fróes, R.L. [1838], Brazil K001218444 Yes
Fróes, R.L. [20009], Brazil K001218385 Yes
Miers, J. [3142], Brazil K001218387 Yes
Gardner [189], Brazil K001218383 Yes
Gaudichaud [952], Brazil K001218386 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1912], Myanmar K001114702 Yes
Burchell [2727], Brazil K001218382 Yes
Ghiesbreght, M. [329], Mexico K001035795 No
Salzmann [s.n.], Brazil K001218379 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1912] K001114698 Yes
Thompson, S.A. [1355], Cameroon K000105052 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1912] K001114701 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1912] K001114705 Yes
Maitland, T.D. [28], Cameroon K000105053 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1912] K001114699 Yes
Linden, J. [834], Mexico K001035792 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1912] K001114700 Yes
Galeotti, H. [s.n.], Mexico K001035794 No
Glaziou, A.F.M. [18888], Brazil K001218378 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1912] K001114704 Yes
Burchell [s.n.], Brazil K001218381 Yes
Galeotti, H. [4082], Mexico K001035796 No
Kajewski, S.F. [85], Vanuatu K000659905 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1912] K001114707 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1912] K001114706 Yes
Purpus, C.A. [12042], Mexico K001035791 No
Aug 21, 2018 Papua New Guinea Talipariti tiliaceum K000062305 No
Apr 20, 2010 Fiji Talipariti tiliaceum K000659903 No
Apr 20, 2010 Fiji Talipariti tiliaceum K000659902 No
Papua New Guinea Talipariti tiliaceum K001392782 No
Papua New Guinea Talipariti tiliaceum K001392781 No

First published in Sp. Pl.: 694 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Barooah, C. & Ahmed, I. (2014). Plant diversity of Assam. A checklist of Angiosperms and Gymnosperms: 1-599. Assam science technology and environment council, India.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Chayamarit, K. & Balslev, H. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Thailand 14(2): 185-358. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Dassanayake (ed.) (1997). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 11: 1-420. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (1999). Flora of Japan IIc: 1-328. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
  • Lê, T.C. (2003). Danh lục các loài thực vật Việt Nam 2: 1-1203. Hà Nội : Nhà xuất bản Nông nghiệp.
  • Meyer, J.-Y. (2017). Guide des plantes de Wallis et Futuna: 1-486. Au vent des iles, editions, Tahiti.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Thaman, R.R. & Tye, A. (2015). Flora of Kiritimari (Christmass) atoll, Northern Line islands, Republic of Kiribati. Atoll Research Bulletin 608: 1-73.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(1): 1-346.

Not accepted by

  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras. [Cited as Talipariti tiliaceum.]
  • Xuyên, Đ.T. (2017). Thực Vật Chí Việt Nam. Flora of Vietnam 14: 1-314. Nhà xuất bản khoa học và kỹ thuật, Hà Nội. [Cited as Talipariti tiliaceum.]

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Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
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  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
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  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Living Collection Database

    Common Names from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Living Collection https://www.kew.org/

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images

  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0